A viral test is done to find infection-causing viruses. Viruses grow only in living cells. Viruses cause disease by destroying or damaging the cells they infect, damaging the body’s immune system, changing the genetic material (DNA) of the cells they infect, or causing inflammation that can damage an organ. Viruses cause many types of diseases, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), cold sores, chickenpox, measles, flu (influenza), and some types of cancer.
Viral tests may be done for viruses such as: Herpes simplex, Chickenpox.chickenpox, Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), Epstein-Barr virus, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Rotavirus, Hepatiti, Genital warts (human papillomavirus, or HPV), Influenza (flu), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), BK virus.
Hepatitis B, C and HIV testing is mandatory and part of the surgical profile.
Different types of samples are used for a viral test. They include blood, urine, stool (feces), organ tissue, spinal fluid, and saliva. The type of sample used for the test depends on the type of infection that may be present.